Civil War AP Hill – Third Corps:

A colorful character, Hill usually wore a red flannel shirt in combat that became known as his “battle jersey”. Participating in the battle of Fredericksburg on December 13, Hill behaves badly and his men need reinforcements to prevent a collapse. With the renewal of the campaign in May 1863, Hill participated in Jackson’s brilliant flank march and his May 2 attack at the Battle of Chancellorsville.

When Jackson was wounded, Hill took back the body before being wounded in the legs and forced to hand over the commander to Major General JEB Stuart.

With Jackson’s death on May 10, Lee began reorganizing the Northern Virginia Army. In doing so, he promoted Hill to the lieutenant-general on May 24 and gave him command of the newly formed third corps. In the wake of the victory, Lee walked north to Pennsylvania. On July 1, Hill’s men opened the Battle of Gettysburg when they clashed with the cavalry of Brigadier General John Buford. Successful in repelling Union forces in concert with Lieutenant-General Richard Ewell’s corps, Hill’s men suffered heavy casualties.

AP Hill Campaign – Overland:

Largely inactive on July 2, Hill’s corps contributed to two-thirds of the troops involved in Pickett’s unfortunate charge the next day. Retired in Virginia, Hill may have endured his worst day of command on Oct. 14, when he was defeated at the Battle of Bristoe Station. In May 1864, Lieutenant Ulysses S. Grant began his Overland campaign against Lee. During the battle of the desert, Hill undergoes heavy assaults of the Union on May 5th. The next day the Union troops renewed their attack and nearly broke Hill’s lines when Longstreet arrived with reinforcements.

As the fighting moved south to Spotsylvania Court House, Hill was forced to give up command because of poor health. Although traveling with the army, he played no part in the battle. Returning to action, he misbehaves in North Anna (May 23-26) and Cold Harbor (May 31-June 12).

After the Confederate victory at Cold Harbor, Grant moved to cross the James River and capture Petersburg. Defeated by the Confederate forces, he began the siege of Petersburg.

Having settled on the siege lines of Petersburg, Hill’s commandment returned the Union troops to the Battle of the Crater and hired Grant’s men several times to push the troops south and west to cut the rail links of the city. Although commanding at Globe Tavern (August 18-21), Second Ream Station (August 25) and Peebles Farm (September 30-October 2), his health began to deteriorate. -28). As armies move into winter quarters in November, Hill continues to fight his health.

On April 1, 1865, Union troops under the command of Major-General Philip Sheridan won the key Battle of Five Forks west of Petersburg. The next day, Grant ordered a massive offensive against Lee’s overflowing lines in front of the city. Major General Horatio Wright’s Sixth Corps overwhelmed Hill’s troops. Straddling the front, Hill met with Union troops and was shot in the chest by Corporal John W. Mauck of the 138th Pennsylvania Infantry. Originally buried in Chesterfield, Virginia, his body was exhumed in 1867 and moved to the Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond.

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