The American Civil War was over 150 years ago, killing 620,000 people on both sides. But the deep wounds caused by the war because of the problem of slavery seem to still leave traces up to now.
The beginning of this month, a demonstration launched by a group of white supremacists led to the demolition of statues and monuments commemorating Civilian figures who lost the war that took place from 1861 to 1865
Demonstrations in the city of Charlottesville, Virginia killed three people and wounded 19 others and caused widespread protests aimed at President Donald Trump for giving inappropriate comments felt in response to the incident.
James Grossman, executive director of the American Historical Association, said statues and monuments honoring defeated rebel figures were only established between 1900 and 1920.
“But the number is not less new in the construction in the 1950s and 1960s. At that time also not a few names of schools, street names and parks are replaced with the names of figures of 11 states of the American element who claimed to be separated from the United States.
The first stage between 1900 and 1920, the establishment of the statues and monuments was aimed at reinforcing the rights of the white population that were perceived to be higher than the rights of the black population.
“The statues and monuments seem to write” this is a white-owned area, and the white race is a better race than the black race. ”
James Grossman said in an interview with c-span radio and television stations, the next stage, between 1950 and 1960, statues and monuments were founded against the practice of civil rights equality for all Americans.
“In the 1950s, not a few schools were renamed by the names of rebel figures, even after the government abolished school segregation for white and black citizens. So the whole thing is a political act, as if writing that the struggle is still not finished. ”
Is there a polemic between the central government and the state government regarding the establishment of the statues and memorials of the Confederate government?
“There is no polemic at all. At first not a bit of the construction of the statue was financed by a collection of descendants of all the rebels called “The United Daughters of the Confederacy”. The idea is to indicate that the united white gathering, especially the southern part of America, belongs to the white population. ”
Even in the US Congress building there was a room where 11 statues of leaders and rebel figures in the Civil War were displayed.
Ten American military bases scattered across countries still use the names of the rebel generals, such as Camp Beauregard, Fort Benning, Fort Bragg and Fort Hood. The Pentagon wrote that it would not change the names